Metritis is a common fresh cow disease that strikes early lactation females, usually within the first 10 days after calving. Incidence rates of metritis and subclinical endometritis range from 10% to 30% in herds.1 Even more worrisome, this reproductive challenge can be hard to prevent and difficult to properly treat. And when left untreated, it can be extremely costly to your dairy and overall cow health.
Metritis has real economic consequences. Each case can cost between $304 and $354, represented by the following costs:2
- Culling within the first 60 days in milk: $71
- Milk production reduction: $77
- Fertility and reproductive performance problems: $98
- Treatment and associated milk withdrawal: $58 to $108
Along with reducing profitability, metritis decreases performance in many ways.
- Risk of culling increases by 5.3% during the first 60 days of lactation2
- Depression in fertility, an increase of 18 days open2
- Reduced milk production, an average of 4.9 pounds per day less milk production in the first 120 days post-calving3
With proper management, these costly consequences can be minimized. An effective management plan includes:
- Good nutrition
- Careful monitoring
- Proper diagnosis
- Early intervention
- Effective treatment
To develop a plan to minimize the effects of Metritis on your dairy and for an effective treatment,, work with your veterinarian to establish an on-label treatment regimen as early as possible. EXCEDE® (cefiofur crystalline free acid) Sterile Suspension or EXCENEL® RTU EZ (ceftiofur hydrochloride) Sterile Suspension are the only on-label treatments for metritis backed by the Residue Free Guarantee.* Closely monitoring cows for early symptoms and diagnosis of metritis are keys to any fresh cow program. Finally, completing a full antibiotic treatment as recommended by your veterinarian, even if the cow looks healthier, is important to ensure full recovery and minimize risk of relapse.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION FOR EXCEDE: People with known hypersensitivity to penicillin or cephalosporins should avoid exposure to EXCEDE. EXCEDE is contraindicated in animals with known allergy to ceftiofur or to the ß-lactam group (penicillins and cephalosporins) of antimicrobials. Inadvertent intra-arterial injection is possible and fatal. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal. Pre-slaughter withdrawal time is 13 days following the last dose. See full Prescribing Information.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION FOR EXCENEL RTU EZ: People with known hypersensitivity to penicillin or cephalosporins should avoid exposure to EXCENEL RTU EZ. Do not use in animals found to be hypersensitive to the product. Do not slaughter cattle for 4 days following last treatment. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal. See full Prescribing Information.
*Residue Free Guarantee: If you use a Zoetis-branded ceftiofur product according to label indications, and experience a violative ceftiofur milk or meat residue, Zoetis will compensate you for the beef market value of the animal or purchase the tanker of milk at fair market value. You must purchase the product from a Zoetis-approved supplier, use the product according to label indications, have documentation of the product purchase and treatment records, and have conducted training on appropriate use to ensure proper dose and route of administration of the product. Extra-label use as prescribed by a veterinarian is excluded from the guarantee. If you experience a ceftiofur residue violation after following label indications and the above steps, contact Zoetis Veterinary Medical Information and Product Support (VMIPS) at 800-366-5288 to report the situation.
1 Kelton DF, Lissemore KD, Martin RE. Recommendations for recording and calculating the incidence of selected clinical diseases of dairy cattle. J Dairy Sci. 1998;81(9):2502-2509.
2 Overton M, Fetrow J. Economics of Postpartum Uterine Health, in Proceedings. Dairy Cattle Repro Counc Conv 2008.
3 Deluyker HA, Gay JM, Weaver LD, Azari AS. Change of milk yield with clinical diseases for high producing dairy herd. J Dairy Sci. 1991;74(2):436-445.